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Number of Myopia Increased During Pandemic Period!

08

Feb, 2021

Number of Myopia Increased During Pandemic Period!

During the epidemic, most of us were locked in our homes and spent more time in front of the screen than before. As such, the number of people with myopia has increased considerably, especially in children. So what to do now?

With quarantine, distance education and working from home, we have started to use technological devices more. According to researches conducted in China and the Netherlands, it is stated that visual impairments have increased as a result of the restrictions due to the epidemic. According to experts, this is because people use screens more for work, education and also for leisure activities. Unfortunately, our eyes are constantly focused close and not looking away.

In a study conducted in China, the eye health of 120 thousand children between the ages of 6 and 8 was examined. In 2020, when quarantine measures continued, it was observed that the frequency of myopia in these children increased three times compared to previous years. Experts warn that visual impairment can have frightening consequences, especially in young children.


Half the World Can Be Myopia!

According to the Brien Holden Institute, approximately five billion people, or almost half the world's population, will be nearsighted by the middle of this century. According to studies, there is a direct link between the increase in educational levels and opportunities level and the incidence of visual impairment.

"The increase is mainly due to the very early and intensive use of computers, smartphones and tablets, as well as the increasingly shorter time spent outside during the day," said Nicole Eter, Director of the Department of Ophthalmology at Münster University.

In Asian countries, this situation has gotten worse. In the 1960s, the rate of myopia among 20 years of age in Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Korea varied between 20-30percent. Today, this number has reached more than 80percent. While four out of every five young people are myopia in China, there are Asian countries where this rate reaches up to 95percent.

The risk of myopia not only increases with a book or smartphone but also with prolonged gaze at a close-range object. So the most crucial factor is the distance. We can reduce this risk by looking up regularly and especially by the time spent outside. The reason for this is that daylight prevents further pupil dilation. According to studies conducted in Scandinavia, myopia rates increase during the dark seasons and stagnate in the sunny times of the year.


Electronic Devices

Excessive use of digital media and smartphones alone does not increase the risk of myopia, but it can irritate, dry, tire the eyes of children, cause distraction and trigger a blurred vision.

"From an ophthalmological point of view, computers, smartphones and tablets are not at all suitable for children up to the age of three," says Bettina Wabbels of the University of Bonn. In his age, from an ophthalmological point of view, it is acceptable to use digital media at most one hour a day and up to two hours a day from the age of ten.


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